Michelangelo, Jonah from the Sistine Chapel ceiling, 1508-12, fresco painting, The Vatican, Rome, Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons. Michelangelo, Jonah from the Sistine Chapel ceiling, 1508-12, fresco painting, The Vatican, Rome, Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Just a Second: Prefiguration

Prefiguration

(Noun)

The representation of an Old Testament figure as a type or foreshadowing of a New Testament figure.

Michelangelo painted an image of Jonah just above the high altar on the Sistine Chapel ceiling because he prefigures Jesus in that he was swallowed by a whale for three days and then regurgitated much in the same way Jesus was Resurrected three days after his death.